Book series

The research centre has established a book series with Palgrave Macmillan Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe.

So far four volumes have been published:

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Catharina Raudvere (ed.) Nostalgia, Loss and Creativity in South-East Europe. Political and Cultural Representations of the Past. 2018

This book represents a high-quality contribution to the field of memory studies and the idea
of nostalgia in a crucial historical context. This will be a valuable addition to reading lists on imperial histories and legacies in the Balkans, not least because it brings together Habsburg and Ottoman narratives.’
Michael Talbot, University of Greenwich, UK

This book explores the relationship between the modern history of South-East Europe and the long imperial past of the region. National narratives from the nineteenth century still influence the view of the past, as well as visions of progress, despite the major changes in the twentieth century. This collection of essays shows how this bond is politically and socially visible on different levels, from states to local communities, along with creative developments in art, literature and religious practice. Bringing together scholars from a range of disciplines, the book offers analyses from diverse theoretical perspectives, united by an interest in the political and cultural representations of the past in South-East Europe from a long-term perspective.

By emphasising how the relationship between loss and creative inspiration are intertwined in cultural production and history writing, these essays cover themes across South-East Europe and provide an insight into how specific agents – intellectuals, politicians, artists – have represented the past and have looked towards the future.

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Trine Stauning Willert  The New Ottoman Greece in History and Fiction. 2018

This book explores the increasing interest in the Ottoman past in contemporary Greek society and its cultural sphere. It considers how the changing geo-political balances in South-East Europe since 1989 have offered Greek society an occasion to re-examine the transition from cultural diversity in the imperial context, to efforts to homogenize culture in the subsequent national contexts. This study shows how contemporary immigration and better relations with Turkey led to new directions in historiography, fiction and popular culture in the beginning of the twenty-first century. It focuses on how narratives about cultural co-existence under Ottoman rule are used as a prism of national self-awareness and argues that the interpretations of Greece’s Ottoman legacy are part of the cultural battles over national identity and belonging. The book examines these narratives within the context of tension between East and West and, not least, Greece’s place in Europe.

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Vahram Ter-Matevosyan  Turkey, Kemalism, and the Soviet Union. Problems of Modernization, Ideology and Interpretation. 2018

This book examines the Kemalist ideology ofTurkey from two perspectives. It discusses major problems in the existing interpretations of the topic and how the incorporation of Soviet perspectives enriches the historiography and our understanding of that ideology. To address these questions, the book looks into the origins, evolution, and transformational phases of Kemalism between the 1920s and 1970s. The research also focuses on external interpretations by observing how republican Turkey and particularly its founding ideology were viewed and interpreted by Soviet observers. Paying more attention to the diplomatic, geopolitical, and economic complexities ofTurkish-Soviet relations, scholars have rarely problematized those perceptions ofTurkish ideological transformations. Looking at various phases of Sov iet attitudes towards Kemalism and its manifestations through the lenses of Communist leaders, party functionaries, diplomats and scholars, the book illuminates the underlying dynamics of Soviet interpretations.

Vahram Ter-Matevosyan is Associate Professor at the College ofHumanities and Social Sciences at the American University of Armenia and the Chair of the Turkish Studies Department at the lnstitute for Oriental Studies at the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.

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Cristina A. Bejan  Intellectuals and Fascism in Interwar Romania. The Criterion Association. 2019

In 1930s Bucharest, some of the country’s most brilliant young intellectuals converged to form the Criterion Association. Bound by friendship and the dream of a new, modern Romania, their members included historian Mircea Eliade, critic Petru Comarnescu, Jewish playwright Mihail Sebastian and a host of other philosophers and artists. Together, they built a vibrant cultural scene that flourished for a few short years, before fascism and scandal splintered their ranks. Cristina A. Bejan asks how the far-right Iron Guard came to eclipse the appeal of liberalism for so many of Romania’s intellectual elite, drawing on diaries, memoirs and other writings to examine the collision of culture and extremism in the interwar years. The first English-language study of Criterion and the most thorough to date in any language, this book grapples with the complexities of Romanian intellectual life in the moments before collapse.

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And in the pipeline

 Zlatko Jovanovic  The 1984 Winter Olympics and the Making of Sarajevo

 

 Johanna Chovanec and Olof Heilo (eds.)  Narratives of Multinationalism in the Late Habsburg and Ottoman Empires. Alternatives to Nationalism, 1848–1918

Adrian Velicu  Orthodox Christianity and National Identity in Post-89 Romania

The revival of the Orthodox Church in post-communist Romania has provided a renewed discourse on national identity. This study traces the Church’s arguments on identity, it explores the clergy’s deployment of the concept of Orthodoxy, along with Latin legacy, to legitimize the Church’s institutional aims and scrutinizes the workings of the discourse. A survey of scholars’ and public intellectuals’ views on national identity complements the Church’s views. The investigation attempts thus to offer an insight into the efforts of the Church to re-assert itself, given free rein in a post-dictatorial world of resumed and accelerated modernization. Scholars have drawn attention to the lack of studies on contemporary intellectual history in post-communist areas. The juxtaposition of the Church’s and of the secular views on identity –occasionally in dialogue with one another – examines the complexity of the intellectual context of the past three decades in Romania. The overviews of the Church’s and of the secular intellectuals’ opinions on national identity give an account of the various strands of thought on the issue. The final analysis resorts to a combination of methodological tools to examine the articulation and use of concepts against a background of political and social re-adjustment.

Christoffer Stoerup  On the Margins of European Identity. Orthodox Geopolitics in Moldovan Ethno-politics

Moldova has in different ways been portrayed as standing at a crossroad torn between East and West, between Romanian roots and Russian influence or between pro-European liberals and Soviet nostalgic communists. It is as if Moldova itself, a tiny country with all its local actors and their interests, is almost disappearing or ascribed little, if any, agency of its own in this common polarised description of the country. This study examines how the dichotomy illustrated by the crossroad metaphor is formulated in religious terms in the dispute between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Romanian Orthodox Church over the canonical jurisdiction in the Republic of Moldova. It also questions the often assumed direct subordination and loyalty of the local religious actors to their Patriarchates in Moscow and Bucharest. It is often argued in the existing literature that nationalism and orthodoxy fill the ideological gap left by communism, a turn from the Soviet man to the orthodox man in Zabarah’s words. This study will not offer an analysis of the project of building a Soviet man, but central for this study are two of the institutions which inspire the highest degree of trust in an in many ways disillusioned Moldovan public, namely Church and the EU, both arguably a bit remote and vague compared to the tangible consequences of ideology in the Soviet Union. While church corruption and EU bureaucracy might be known as the back side of the coin, they are hardly playing an interfering role in the daily life of most Moldovans. On the other side of the coins Orthodox and European values can be appreciated at a safe distance and with a minimum of personal obligations for the admirer. This might suggest a certain fondness of the freedom of the post-Soviet ideological gap, rather than an immediate urge to fill it up with something intrusive for the daily and political life of the Moldovans.